An acceptable blood pressure range depends upon your age, your general health, and a few other factors. Generally speaking, the older you are the more likely you are to have high blood pressure. It’s important to monitor it during your senior years, if for nothing else then to be aware of any potential problems. In fact, the earlier in life that you are diagnosed with hypertension the better equipped you are to handle it, and the easier it will be to prevent the serious health complications that come with it.
If you do not have high blood pressure already, you are probably still at risk for developing it. You need to be monitoring your blood pressure to make sure that it is within the acceptable range. There are many different ways to measure your blood pressure, and they each have their own merits. High school students were once asked to complete a questionnaire detailing their eating habits, exercise levels, and cholesterol levels; their results were compared with those of a control group who did not report any significant changes.
The questionnaire was designed to discover whether changes in lifestyle, diet, or exercise had any effect on high blood pressure. The systolic (the top number) and diastolic (the bottom number) pressure were recorded separately. When a high blood pressure patient combines both high blood pressure medications with excessive alcohol use, it increases the risk for stroke, heart attack, congestive heart failure, and kidney failure. While no one food causes hypertension, there are certain foods that are known to heighten the risk. Alcohol and sodium are two foods that have been known to increase blood pressure. A word of warning, though; do not combine the medications listed here; doing so may cause a more serious condition called “restrictive heart failure”, or RHF.
Some prescription medications may automatically monitor your blood pressure. The most popular are Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARBs), which block the receptors that cause the blood pressure to rise. There are also a class of drugs called diuretics, which are meant to decrease urine output. These are used only to counter high uric acid levels and do not alter the levels in the bloodstream. These drugs are generally considered to be safe, unless they are abused.
Blood pressure can be measured with various methods. Two of the most popular are the manual Prillik’s needle method and the electronic BPM or Automatic Pressure Monitoring system. Manual Prillik’s needles are still used for some patients; however, most patients prefer the BPM method, as it can give a more accurate reading. Electronic systems are usually recommended for people with hypertension. The main differences between the two systems are that the BPM system measures pulse rate, while the Pacing system measures the amount of blood flow through the veins.
A transducer is placed directly under the skin, and the blood pressure is read by a computerized machine. The machine takes a signal from the patient’s body and produces a picture showing where on the body the signal was located. Based on the signal, an alarm may be set off, and a series of high-pulse and low-pulse tones are played.
ACE Inhibitors are the primary treatment for high blood pressure, with other types of therapy usually being prescribed secondary to this. ACE inhibitors work by inhibiting the action of the ACE enzyme. This allows the heart muscle to relax and not contract, which lowers high blood pressure and decreases the heart attack and stroke risk. Many different types of ACE Inhibitors are available, and often different combinations of these drugs are used. The type of drug that is prescribed depends on the type of hypertension being treated. For example, if a patient is having cardio-respiratory problems, such as sleep apnea, a diuretic medication may not be enough to help.
Because ACE Inhibitors are the standard treatment for hypertension, many people experience dramatic results with their blood pressure reaching an acceptable level. However, many people also experience other side effects such as dizziness, stomach problems and numbness or tingling in the hands and feet. If you are considering taking an ACE-inhibitor or another type of internal medicine for your high blood pressure, it is essential that you consult with your doctor and a specialist in cardiology before proceeding.