What are the causes of increased blood pressure? If you already have been diagnosed with hypertension then you must be aware that there are many possible causes. Hypertension is the excessive force or pressure exerted on a blood vessel (vasculature) by the blood. The usual cause of hypertension is coronary heart disease, however, there are other causes of increased blood pressure such as excessive sodium intake, smoking, certain medications, obesity, family history, sedentary lifestyle and stress. The causes of increased blood pressure may also differ from one person to another.
Causes of increased blood pressure in people with chronic heart failure are usually to do with the autonomic nervous system which controls the heart rate and regulates it throughout the body. With increasing age, the blood vessels tend to become stiffer and less flexible, thus there is increased pressure needed to pump blood. It is quite normal for older people to have a higher reading of blood pressure than younger ones. This condition is called hypertension. And since the autonomic nervous system fails to regulate the heart rate, it leads to heart failure and high blood pressure.
Causes of increased blood pressure in diabetic individuals are likely caused by the patient’s arteries being supplied with too much oxygenated blood, which causes the blood pressure to increase beyond what it should normally be. There is a rapid decrease in the blood pressure of diabetics when they undergo a period of extreme dehydration. Diabetic patients also have poor circulation of blood to the area of their extremities. This results in the accumulation of fats and fluids around the arteries and causes the blood pressure to increase. Poor circulation also causes the atherosclerosis of the arteries, a thickening of the walls of the arteries.
Causes of high blood pressure in nondiabetic individuals are possibly due to a number of reasons. High levels of blood cholesterol, especially in smokers, results in the buildup of fatty deposits around the artery walls. As a result, clogged arteries are unable to transport the blood to the heart. Too much sodium causes the accumulation of calcium and oxalate in the arteries. Too little vitamin C in the diet results in the loss of the bile acid and too little vitamin E causes the body to make less vitamin K.
A number of medications are often the underlying cause of increased blood pressure such as nitrate preparations, oral contraceptives and anti-inflammatory drugs. People who rarely perform physical activities are at a greater risk for this condition. Smoking is a major problem and results in the decreased functioning of the body’s organs. Excessive salt in the diet increases the amount of acid in the blood and thereby results in increased blood pressure.
Lifestyle choices and lack of exercise are the primary causes of high blood pressure that must be addressed by everyone. Sedentary lifestyle and prolonged sitting also put people at a greater risk. Regular exercise is good for health. The best option is to lead a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet and sufficient physical activity. People who lead an unhealthy lifestyle and are sedentary have more chances of developing hypertension.
There are natural remedies such as the juice of celery and garlic mixed with lemon juice that has proven effective in addressing the problem. Herbal supplements are also available that contain ingredients such as soy extracts and ginseng that help in addressing this condition. Taking a daily dash diet is also a remedy that helps lower blood pressure in many people. A dash diet consists of water, vegetable juices, fruits, unsweetened, tea and non-fat milk or cheese.
The problem with most people is their consistent reliance on salty and fatty foods. To counter this problem, a daily salt intake of less than two grams can help reduce high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease. To combat the problem of dietary sodium, it’s advisable to opt for low-salt foods. Vegetarians, as well as lacto-ovo vegetarians, can benefit from a salt reduction strategy of incorporating herbs, spices, and fresh produce into their diet. If you’re still not satisfied with your diet, then consult your doctor to find out what food items may be problematic for your particular case.