Both numbers on a high blood pressure reading are vitally important. But once the age of 50 is reached, the systole reading is more important. Systole is the peak number that tells your doctor whether or not you have high blood pressure. This reading tells your physician if your heart is pumping at a suitable rate to keep your blood pressure within safe levels.
Systole-to-diastole measurements are usually done after every three months. That’s when doctors notice an increasing trend in your health. If it becomes consistently higher, then it is time to talk about lifestyle changes and medication. High blood pressure that goes untreated can cause stroke, kidney failure and aneurysms. Those who have untreated high blood pressure are more likely to develop heart disease.
There are two types of high blood pressure that people can get. They are referred to as acute and chronic. Acute hypertension occurs quickly – usually within just a few days to a week. Chronic hypertension takes a lot longer to develop and can last years. It is usually hereditary, but sometimes it’s caused by unhealthy lifestyle choices like smoking, high alcohol consumption and poor diet.
Medications are available to treat both conditions. These include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs, such as aspirin, ibuprofen and indomethacin. Also on the list of available medications are beta-blockers, diuretics and calcium channel blockers. Some of these medications have less serious side effects and are less likely to lead to complications.
The risk of developing hypertension increases dramatically if someone already has a family history of the condition. Blood tests are able to detect the signs and symptoms of hypertension in its early stages so that treatment can be started earlier. For instance, someone who has high blood pressure but doesn’t have diabetes will have a different medication regimen than someone with diabetes. The same holds true for someone who’s been treated for years with an NSAID but who has not developed, say, Cushing’s.
There are certain indicators that can provide warnings that there might be more serious problems. If your doctor asks you about your family medical history, you should know if one or more of your relatives have had any of the following: cardiovascular problems such as angina or heart attack, coronary heart disease or coronary artery disease, kidney disease, liver disease or inflammation of the blood vessels, respiratory problems such as asthma or COPD, or mental health problems such as depression. If one or more of these signs or symptoms present themselves along with high blood pressure, it’s important to get a checkup as soon as possible to determine if medication will effect a cure.
Certain lifestyle changes can be made to help prevent hypertension, including improving your diet and quitting smoking and alcohol. A healthy lifestyle can include reducing your weight to help control your weight. You can also get regular exercise, quit smoking, and lose weight by changing your diet. Changing your lifestyle, coupled with medication and lifestyle changes, is the best hypertension cure.
If you want to avoid serious health complications and do everything possible to treat your high blood pressure, lifestyle changes are your best option. These include cutting out tobacco use, exercising more regularly, lowering your stress levels, and eliminating salt from your diet. To help reduce your risk for stroke, high blood pressure patients are encouraged to eat a low-salt diet. To prevent heart disease, it’s also important to get routine annual checkups. Although lifestyle changes may not cure hypertension on their own, they are one of the most effective treatments available to stop or prevent the disease.