Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. This condition occurs when the heart does not exert a proper effort to pump blood. The condition is normally diagnosed when the pulse monitor has a reading higher than 120 mm Hg or when the systolic and diastolic blood pressures are higher than a normal range. Hypertension is often caused by several lifestyle factors and can result from aging, obesity, excessive alcohol intake, diabetes mellitus and pregnancy. In addition, being overweight can increase the risk of developing hypertension.
A common high blood pressure symptom is a rapid or irregular heartbeat, breathlessness during sleep, chest pain or tenderness in the shoulders, arms or jaw. Some patients also report feeling dizzy or unsteady. Many patients with this condition also experience night sweats and hot flashes. Headache, nausea, dizziness, vomiting and constipation are other common symptoms.
There are many ways to diagnose hypertension. Blood tests can reveal the level of sodium (salt) and potassium levels. The ECG (electrocardiograph) or ultrasound test can show abnormal heart rhythm. Some researchers feel that urination may be an early sign of hypertension as urine volume and frequency increase in people suffering from hypertension.
Some high BP symptoms are also related to kidneys. If high blood pressure causes inflammation of the kidney tubules, crystals will likely be seen in the urine. This is referred to as nephrotuberculosis. Researchers believe that chronic inflammation of the kidney tubules results in obstruction of the blood vessels leading to the kidneys. The blocked blood vessels cause hypertension, which then causes the other high blood pressure symptoms discussed earlier.
In addition to nephrotuberculosis, hypertension can affect the kidney by damaging the filter-cleansing duct that’s needed to remove solute molecules from your blood. High blood pressure causes tubular damage that interferes with filtering of the blood. The result is a hypertension condition that develops into renal failure. As it progresses toward this stage, symptoms of kidney disease will become more visible.
Some people who have high BP do not have any symptoms at all, so it is important to see a doctor if you have had hypertension at some time in your life. Your doctor will usually perform blood pressure checks and perform a urine test to see if elevated blood pressure has been established. In addition, your doctor will ask you some questions about your lifestyle. He may ask you about your salt intake and whether or not you smoke. If you do smoke, you will be strongly encouraged to stop. Healthy lifestyle changes will be necessary for you to be able to control your hypertension.
If you have been diagnosed with high blood pressure, you may be wondering how you will control or reduce your symptoms. The first thing you need to do is visit your doctor. Your doctor will be able to determine if there are any underlying medical conditions that are causing your symptoms. In some cases, high blood pressure symptoms can be caused by psychological conditions. For example, depression can have a noticeable impact on your health.
There are several ways that you can help lower blood pressure that will help prevent the development of symptoms of hypertension. If you are diagnosed with hypertension, you should immediately begin a course of medication. Medication is often used to treat existing conditions, and it can help you feel better and prevent hypertension in the future. Most individuals who take medication for hypertension will continue to take the medication after the primary condition has been treated.
Other common symptoms of hypertension include fatigue, blurred vision, palpitations, sweating, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and lightheadedness. If you experience one or more of these symptoms, you should visit your doctor right away. Keep in mind that high blood pressure can be dangerous if left untreated. By controlling or avoiding the symptoms of high BP, you can get on the road to a healthy and active life.
If you suffer from one or more of the high blood pressure symptoms mentioned above, it is important to address the issue as soon as possible. Left untreated, hypertension can lead to a heart attack or stroke. While these are serious health problems, you are not alone and there are many support systems available to you. Family members, friends, and providers like your doctor and nurse can all help you find relief from hypertension and achieve proper health.
If you are currently experiencing any of the aforementioned symptoms, it would be a good idea to get yourself tested. Even if you do not suffer from hypertension, you are still at risk. You may have other underlying health problems that you are unaware of, or you may just need to go on a healthier diet. If so, an experienced dietitian can help you design a diet and exercise program that is right for you. If you are already taking prescription medicine, discuss your medications with your doctor to determine which medication could be triggering your symptoms or creating new hypertension risk factors in your body.