The primary symptom of pulmonary hypertension, also known as “pulmonary embolism”, is the accumulation of blood clots in the lungs. Pulmonary hypertension occurs when the flow of blood to the heart is increased without an increase in the pressure that it exerts on the blood. Typically, hypertension is manifested by a rise in blood pressure over a period of several hours. Pulmonary hypertension levels are typically present in people who are older (usually beyond 50 years old) and who smoke, have high blood cholesterol levels, or have some form of respiratory disease.
The symptoms of pulmonary hypertension may be persistent coughing with either mucus or phlegm, wheezing, shortness of breath during light and normal physical activity, fatigue, dizziness, weakness, frequent urination, skin rash, abdominal pain, insomnia, headaches, fatigue, or depression. Pulmonary hypertension levels often develop slowly and without symptoms. However, in some cases it can manifest quickly and without warning. Therefore, it is important to be able to monitor the health of the heart and lungs very carefully over a period of several months following diagnosis, particularly if the patient has been treated vigorously and failed to follow recommended treatment.
There are several types of pulmonary hypertension. The first, primary pulmonary hypertension, is usually associated with left ventricular dysfunction (LVED) or congenital heart disease, such as left ventricular hypertrophy or congenital valvular insufficiency. Treatment of this condition usually includes medication and surgery. The second, secondary pulmonary hypertension is usually caused by recreational drug use (sedatives, pain killers, etc. ), chronic liver disease (cirrhosis, etc. ), or obesity.
When a person’s systolic blood pressure (the top number on the blood pressure reading) is higher than the peak level of the heart’s ventricle, that individual will experience what is called” LVED” – ventricular fibrillation. This condition is often called “intermediate pulmonary hypertension”. The third type of pulmonary hypertension is called “chronic RV pressure overload”. If the systolic blood pressure is lower than the maximum heart rate (the top number on the reading) for an extended period of time, that individual may experience what is known as “chronic RV hypertension”. This condition often results in hospitalization.
Of the four types of pulmonary hypertension – pulmonary valve regurgitation, pulmonary vasoconstriction, chronic RV pressure overload, and mean pap systolic – the most common symptom in adults is coughing. Coughing is usually accompanied by wheezing and breathlessness in about half of the patients with either acute or chronic RV pressure. The majority of adult patients with systolic hypertension do not have a history of cardiovascular disease or of having had heart bypass surgery. About half of the adults with hypertension do not smoke and only a small percentage have any history of asthma. About one-third of the patients with the systolic type do not use non-traditional therapies such as lifestyle changes.
Treatment of this condition usually involves a combination of medication, therapy, and surgery. Many times, the doctor will suggest lifestyle changes. For example, if the patient tends to smoke, the doctor might recommend that the smoker stop. This can involve changes in diet such as avoiding cigarette and tobacco products, increasing the amount of fruits and vegetables that are consumed, avoiding alcoholic beverages and reducing the amount of time that the patient is sedentary. Patients may also be advised to increase their physical activity. A light exercise program can also be beneficial.
The use of a blood pressure monitor is necessary to maintain accurate pulmonary hypertension levels. A blood pressure monitor will need to be calibrated on a regular basis, usually once a year. This is important because of the significant changes in pulmonary hypertension levels over time. Pulmonary hypertension can cause fainting or dizziness, which can affect the ability to perform routine tasks. Individuals suffering from this condition should also avoid driving or operating machinery under any circumstances.
Although pulmonary hypertension can be dangerous, there are some treatment options that can help lower blood pressure. These include diet changes, lifestyle changes and the use of medications. Many physicians recommend the use of lifestyle and dietary change programs. These include taking steps to increase physical activity, eating more fruits and vegetables and decreasing the amount of calories that are eaten. Smoking cessation is also usually recommended.