It is not uncommon to suffer from high blood pressure at some point in your life. There are two main types of high blood pressure: essential (or intrinsic) high blood pressure and extrinsic high blood pressure. In essence, high blood pressure is the same thing as high blood cholesterol – the only difference is the cause. Essential high blood pressure is normally hereditary, though sometimes it can be caused by other factors such as stress or alcohol abuse. Excessive exercise and other activities that put increased strain on the heart muscles can also cause this type of high blood pressure.
If your blood pressure has risen out of control, there are a few symptoms you should be aware of. Essential high blood pressure symptoms include chest pain, sweating, dizziness, difficulty breathing, nausea, blurred vision, nervousness, depression, fatigue, insomnia, and muscle aches. Common extrinsic symptoms include swelling in the legs, hands, feet, face, toes or face, trouble swallowing, numbness or tingling sensations, loss of sexual desire and urinary or bowel function.
If you have been diagnosed with essential high blood pressure, you will want to take steps to reverse it and improve your overall health. One of the first things you will need to address is your diet. To reduce the risk for kidney damage, your diet should be rich in fruits and vegetables and low in saturated fats and sodium. A good exercise routine is also important, particularly an adequate amount of aerobic activity three to five times a week that emphasizes weight training and breathing exercises.
Increased blood pressure in itself does not necessarily cause heart disease, but it is often seen as an indirect result. When the body’s blood pressure rises, the heart is triggered to pump harder and for a shorter duration. As a result, the heart enlarges in size and the workload on the kidneys increases. Over time, the kidneys become over-utilized and their function and efficiency are reduced. As a further result, the risk for developing kidney stones, hypertension and other kidney related problems increases dramatically.
Some of the other symptoms for high blood pressure may include problems with frequent urination or constipation. The urine problem may be accompanied by a feeling of tenseness or irritability. The heart rate may increase for short periods of time when people with hypertension are resting. If the heart rate continues to increase for a period of time, the patient may experience palpitations, dizziness, sweating and the need to urinate frequently.
There is another sign which occurs with high blood pressure that goes unnoticed by some people. It is called atherosclerosis and it is a thickening of the arteries. This thickening of the arteries is caused by the buildup of cholesterol (cholesterol clogging the blood vessels) which then interferes with the blood flow. When there is an increased amount of cholesterol in the arteries, there is an increased risk for the building up of plaque, which leads to heart attacks.
Other signs and symptoms for high blood pressure often occur along with other kidney problems. For example, people who suffer from kidney problems and high blood pressure often experience pain in their ribs. The pain is due to the blockage of the arteries in the lungs. In addition to these symptoms, patients who suffer from kidney problems also have issues with bloating and gas.
The symptoms and signs of kidney disease can be combined, creating a confusing picture. These symptoms often include a feeling of being too thirsty, fatigue, constipation, bad breath, urinating more than usual and having a bad taste in the mouth. Other symptoms that occur with the metabolic syndrome include weight loss, a decrease in appetite and a decreased need for sleep. When you have these many symptoms of kidney disease along with high blood pressure, you should contact a doctor immediately.